Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the loss or degeneration of neurons in the black substance, a structure located in the middle part of the brain. This loss causes a lack of dopamine (neurotransmitter) in the body, a substance that transmits information necessary for us to perform normal movements. The lack of dopamine causes movement control to be altered, resulting in typical motor symptoms, such as resting tremor or stiffness. A great ally to generate good levels of dopamine is physical activity.
Rehabilitative therapies are fundamental in the overall management of PD and must be adapted to the needs of each person. The objectives are focused on achieving greater autonomy and independence of the person, which allows him to face the difficulties in daily life arising from PD.
- PHYSIOTHERAPY: Physiotherapy aims to improve the quality of movements, postural control, gait and stability, as well as reduce spasticity, tremor and fatigue. All this aimed at promoting personal autonomy.
- PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: One of the most important aspects of the treatment of PD is the maintenance of muscle tone and motor functions, so daily physical activity is essential. There are also certain exercises that can help maintain limb mobility and strengthen the muscles that are usually most affected.
BENEFITS OF HANDY GYM
Handy Gym is an innovative gym accessory that works with isoinercial technology. Isoinercial technology exercises the muscles in both phases of the movement: concentric (when muscles contract) and eccentric (when muscles extend). Training with this type of technology is the most effective and safe way to tone the muscles and develop high quality muscle fiber.
Stretching and strength exercises, which involve isotonic contractions (concentric and eccentric), are done emphasizing the quality of the movement, working the musculature synchronously, being for this reason, ideal to help in the recovery and reorganization of movements. Such exercises favor the improvement of joint amplitude in both upper and lower limbs, and in flexibility of the spine, ideal for Parkinson’s patients.
The latest finding to alleviate the effects of Parkinson’s disease once again places sport as a medicine with extraordinary effects on the patient’s health. Specialists from the Rush University Medical Center in the United States have conducted research that has shown that high intensity exercise done three times a week slows the symptoms of the disease.
Specialists already consider sport as the key to acting against Parkinson’s, but now we add high intensity to this treatment. Regular physical exercise gives a better physical condition, a greater sense of well-being, stronger muscles and bones, healthier joints, and more effective breathing, circulation and digestion. The result of training is greater physical, mental and cognitive health, which are especially important for people with a chronic condition.
For all this, we could summarize the benefits of Handy Gym in people with neurodegenerative diseases, and especially Parkinson’s, in the following points:
- Increases muscle strength and joint speed.
- Decrease pain.
- Increases the elasticity of muscle tissues and especially connective tissues.
- Creates sarcomeres in series (facilitates muscle lengthening).
- Increases the synthesis of collagen in connective tissue.
- Improves proprioception.
- Improves stiffness due to the dynamism of the exercise.
- Improves motor coordination.
- Improves the planning and execution of movements.
- Improves central stability (trunk and pelvis), with which it can improve distal tremor.
The realization of physical training, more specifically the concentric and eccentric training is one of the most effective interventions to delay the symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases.
In any case, from Handy Gym, we strongly recommend the supervision of a physician in the planning and execution of physical exercise routines.